Юпитер

Бикипиэдьийэ диэн сиртэн ылыллыбыт
Юпитер (Сэндэли)  Astronomical symbol of Jupiter
Click for full caption.
This image was enhanced by the U.S. Geological Survey to bring out detail. It is based on a 1979 image from the Voyager 1 spacecraft.
Designations
Adjective Jovian
Эргийэр иитэ[1][2]
Epoch J2000
Aphelion 816 520 800 km (Халыып:Convert/LonAonSoff)
Perihelion 740 573 600 km (Халыып:Rnd/c4dec1 AU)
Semi-major axis 778 547 200 km (Халыып:Rnd/c4dec1 AU)
Eccentricity 0.048775
Orbital period 4331.572 days
11.85920 yr
Synodic period 398.88 days[3]
Average orbital speed 13.07 km/s[3]
Mean anomaly 18.818°
Inclination 1.305°
6.09° to Sun's equator
Longitude of ascending node 100.492°
Argument of perihelion 275.066°
Satellites 63
Физика кээмэйдэрэ
Equatorial radius 71,492 ± 4 km[4][5]
11.209 Earths
Polar radius 66,854 ± 10 km[4][5]
10.517 Earths
Flattening 0.06487 ± 0.00015
Surface area 6.21796×1010 km²[6][5]
121.9 Earths
Volume 1.43128×1015 km³[3][5]
1321.3 Earths
Mass 1.8986×1027 kg[3]
317.8 Earths
Mean density 1.326 g/cm³[3][5]
Equatorial surface gravity 24.79 m/s²[3][5]
2.528 g
Escape velocity 59.5 km/s[3][5]
Sidereal rotation
period
9.925 h[7]
Equatorial rotation velocity 12.6 km/s
45,300 km/h
Axial tilt 3.13°[3]
North pole right ascension 268.057°
17 h 52 min 14 s[4]
North pole declination 64.496°[4]
Albedo 0.343 (bond)
0.52 (geom.)[3]
Surface temp.
   1 bar level
   0.1 bar
min mean max
165 K[3]
112 K[3]
Apparent magnitude -1.6 to -2.94[3]
Angular diameter 29.8" — 50.1"[3]
Атмосферата[3]
Surface pressure 20–200 kPa[8] (cloud layer)
Scale height 27 km
Composition
89.8±2.0% Hydrogen (H2)
10.2±2.0% Helium
~0.3% Methane
~0.026% Ammonia
~0.003% Hydrogen deuteride (HD)
0.0006% Ethane
0.0004% water
Ices:
Ammonia
water
ammonium hydrosulfide(NH4SH)

Юпитер эбэтэр Сэндэли диэн Күнтэн бэhис уонна Күн систематын ордук улахан планетата. Гаас планеталар ахсааннарыгар киирэр.

Быһаарыылар[уларыт]

  1. Yeomans, Donald K. HORIZONS System. NASA JPL (Халыып:HumanizeDate). Тургутулунна 8 Атырдьах ыйын 2007. — At the site, go to the "web interface" then select "Ephemeris Type: ELEMENTS", "Target Body: Jupiter Barycenter" and "Center: Sun".
  2. Orbital elements refer to the barycenter of the Jupiter system, and are the instantaneous osculating values at the precise J2000 epoch. Barycenter quantities are given because, in contrast to the planetary centre, they do not experience appreciable changes on a day-to-day basis from to the motion of the moons.
  3. 3,00 3,01 3,02 3,03 3,04 3,05 3,06 3,07 3,08 3,09 3,10 3,11 3,12 3,13 Williams, Dr. David R. Jupiter Fact Sheet. NASA (Халыып:HumanizeDate). Тургутулунна 8 Атырдьах ыйын 2007.
  4. 4,0 4,1 4,2 4,3 Seidelmann, P. Kenneth; Archinal, B. A.; A’hearn, M. F.; et.al. (2007). «Report of the IAU/IAGWorking Group on cartographic coordinates and rotational elements: 2006». Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy 90: 155–180. DOI:10.1007/s10569-007-9072-y. Проверено 2007-08-28.
  5. 5,0 5,1 5,2 5,3 5,4 5,5 5,6 Refers to the level of 1 bar atmospheric pressure
  6. NASA: Solar System Exploration: Planets: Jupiter: Facts & Figures
  7. Seidelmann, P. K.; Abalakin, V. K.; Bursa, M.; Davies, M. E.; de Burgh, C.; Lieske, J. H.; Oberst, J.; Simon, J. L.; Standish, E. M.; Stooke, P.; Thomas, P. C. Report of the IAU/IAG Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements of the Planets and Satellites: 2000. HNSKY Planetarium Program (2001). Тургутулунна 2 Олунньу 2007.
  8. Anonymous (March 1983). «Probe Nephelometer». Galileo Messenger (NASA/JPL) (6). Проверено 2007-02-12.